on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!


for free with every order



Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:


Enter coupon: (if you have one)

Warafin (Warfarin)

Warafin is the oral anticoagulant most frequently used to control and prevent thromboembolic disorders. Prescribing the dose that both avoids hemorrhagic complications and achieves sufficient suppression of thrombosis requires a thorough understanding of the drug's unique pharmacology. Warafin has a complex dose-response relationship that makes safe and effective use a challenge. For most indications, the dose is adjusted to maintain the patient's International Normalized Ratio (INR) at 2 to 3. Because of the delay in factor II (prothrombin) suppression, heparin is administered concurrently for four to five days to prevent thrombus propagation. Loading doses of Warafin are not warranted and may result in bleeding complications. Interactions with other drugs must be considered, and therapy in elderly patients requires careful management. Current dosing recommendations are reviewed, and practical guidelines for the optimal use of Warafin are provided.

Other names for this medication:
Warfarin, Coumadin, Aldocumar, Circuvit, Coumadine, Hemeran, Jantoven, Kovar, Marevan, Marivarin, Martefarin, Orfarin, Panwarfin, Simarc, Warafin, Warfarina, Warfarine, Warfin, Warin, Warlin,

Similar Products:
Trazodona, Lamictin, Tadora, Prilactone, Afungil, Clavumox, Dutagen, Herclov, Rabeprazol, Gabax, Proximic, Klaz, Meprazol, Novax, Amolex, Axcil, Forcid, Enhancin, Permax, Elafax, Candazol, Phexin, Azelastina, Topiramate, Oronazol, Oristal, Prochlor, Turimycin, Robitet, Clomipramina, Cozac,

warafin info

Effects of sleep deprivation on the incorporation of labelled amino acids into cerebral proteins in rats Treatment with inhaled budesonide for patients with mild obstructive lung diseases who continue to smoke: long-term benefits

warafin info

We conclude that cladribine shows promise as a treatment for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Structure and dynamics of distamycin A with d(CGCAAATTGGC):d(GCCAATTTGCG) at low drug:DNA ratios. Simulator programs have proved effective in other specialties as a method for teaching a specific skill set.

warafin info

The patient was subsequently started on treatment with everolimus, which, however, was poorly tolerated. The International Classification of Primary Care-2 (ICPC-2) was used to code data collected over a 13-week period from patients presenting at a community clinic, health centre and district hospital.

warafin info

Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a novel intervention for asthma that delivers controlled thermal energy to the airway wall during bronchoscopy resulting in a prolonged reduction of airway smooth muscle mass and may allow to treat the remodelling in asthma. Identification of five interferon-induced cellular proteins that inhibit west nile virus and dengue virus infections. Addressing the extra economic costs of disability is a logical step towards alleviating elements of social exclusion for people with disabilities. Amniotic sac development: ultrasound features of early pregnancy--the double bleb sign. Antiphosphatidylethanolamine antibodies might not be an independent risk factor for further miscarriage in patients suffering recurrent pregnancy loss.

warafin info

MC were associated with fibroblasts and were found in close proximity to, and inside, the capillaries of the intestine, thus, migration of mast cells via the bloodstream was suggested. Particular efforts are needed to encourage patients to participate in novel or challenging behaviours as these are behaviours where patients appear less inclined to take on an active role.

warafin info

For both studies combined, enteric adenoviruses were detected in 2.6 percent of those with gastroenteritis and in 0.5 percent of the controls, whereas rotaviruses were detected in 19 percent of those with gastroenteritis and in 1.0 percent of the controls. Duroquinone, a superoxide-generating agent, did not alter the relaxations induced by electrical stimulation and nicotine.

warafin info

Soybean (Glycine max) is one of the most important crops in the world, and its yield is largely determined by grain weight and grain size. Photoelastic evaluation of two different sagittal split ramus osteotomies in advancement surgery.

warafin info

Rates of DSM-IV-TR Trauma Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Newly Matriculated College Students. Hence, in the context of circadian disruption, multivariable models should be preferred that consider a wide range of polymorphisms, e.g. DCAMKL-1 was minimally expressed in squamous NEM, but increased in BE (with and without dysplasia) and EAC tissues. The effect of pelvic movement on the accuracy of hip centre location acquired using an imageless navigation system. There is almost no epineurium, and the perineurium is thin and highly abnormal.

warafin info

Laser-noise-induced intensity fluctuations in resonance fluorescence. Our aim was to review the medical literature concerning the efficacy and tolerability of topiramate in the prophylactic treatment of migraine in children and adolescents. However, under current regulation surveillance, herbal preparations may not meet expectations in safety, quality, and efficacy. In contrast to generalized dystonia, reports on the effectiveness of pallidal stimulation on quality of life in patients with segmental dystonia are sparse to date. Western blotting assay with mice anti-GST-alALP serum and serum of mice exposed to Ae.

warafin info

Optimal results for RA anastomoses are possible only in arteries with critical stenosis and of good size and quality. The objective of the study was to determine the effects in late gestation of Ureaplasma parvum serovar 3 colonization and the effects, preterm, of U. In this study we examined total peripheral blood DCs, mDC and pDC subsets in chronic heart failure (CHF) and clinical heart transplantation (HTx). The 39 kDa protein showed some similarity to the L1 protein of haemolysin BL from B.

warafin info

A case of a 40-year-old woman with a 12-year history of rheumatoid arthritis referred to outpatient physical therapy with a chief complaint of pain in the lateral rearfoot and forefoot is presented. Essentially identical results were obtained using extracts prepared from starfish oocytes. There are considerable differences of run distributions in DNA sequences of procaryotes, invertebrates and vertebrates. Our findings support this correlation and provide methods for further evaluation of the mechanisms by which PTPN13 loss/Ras expression leads to invasive growth, the results of which will be important for treatment of HPV-related and non-HPV cancer.

warafin info

Neurogenesis originating from cells of the lateral ventricle, including SVZ type B cells, is significantly reduced following neonatal stroke. The total amount of amino acids reaches its peak point during the sprouting period (in April), next to it is the withering period (in September), flowering and fruiting periods being the lowest (in June). For Triassic-age lineages, we find concentrations in several regions - both tropical and temperate - parts of North America, Europe, East and South-east Asia, northern South America, and New Zealand.

warafin info

Insight into the antibacterial drug design and architectural mechanism of peptide recognition from the E. Concentrations of placental protein 14 in uterine flushings from infertile women: validation of the collection technique and method of expression of results. Retrospective chart review of patients followed-up to 22 May 1992.

warafin info

Several special topics are also discussed including choice of endpoint, number of treatment groups, factorial designs and equivalence trials. The third child had a valve with four leaflets of approximately equal size. Post-collision-interaction effects in the ionization of helium by fast electrons at small momentum transfer. There is a need to focus on maternal micronutrient status as a continuum from the periconceptional period throughout pregnancy to lactation. To explore academic significance and guiding function played by subspecialty groups of the Society of Pediatrics, Chinese Medical Association on Chinese pediatric clinical practice through a statistical analysis of the articles published by the subspecialty groups.

warfarin foods to avoid patient information

  • iwpc warfarin dose calculator for cheratussin
  • warfarin side effects purple toes
  • thrombosis canada warfarin side
  • nurse initiated medications warfarin
  • tikosyn interaction warfarin
  • warfarin drug metabolism
  • warfarin dose inr chart dental
  • tums and alcohol interaction with warfarin
  • coq10 and warfarin interaction
  • cost warfarin vs dabigatran package
  • warfarin sodium 4mg side effects
  • effects of drinking alcohol while taking warfarin
  • vitamin k warfarin overdose vitamin
  • long term warfarin use effects
  • rifampin and warfarin drug interactions
  • warfarin foods to avoid patient information
  • long term lmwh vs warfarin dosage
  • improving time in therapeutic range warfarin drug
  • absorption rate constant of warfarin and alcohol
  • warfarin cortisone injection
  • warfarin drug interactions with food
  • penicillin and vitamin c interaction with warfarin
  • protein binding drug interactions warfarin and xanax
  • drug food interactions with warfarin
  • allopurinol drug interactions warfarin
  • warfarin drug insert package
  • spc warfarin dosing
  • warfarin necrosis protein skimmers
  • acenocoumarol and warfarin equivalent dose definition
  • haematoma block warfarin diet
  • blood in urine no pain warfarin and vitamin
  • hytrin alcohol interaction with warfarin
  • melatonin and warfarin drug interactions
  • rivaroxaban vs warfarin pdf to word
  • medicine interactions with warfarin antidote
  • grottke dabigatran vs warfarin
  • sinthrome vs warfarin mechanism
  • phenytoin drug interaction warfarin
  • vitamin k epoxide warfarin and alcohol
  • warfarin 4mg tablet color
  • cost warfarin vs dabigatran anticoagulant
  • macrobid missed dose of warfarin
  • iwpc warfarin dose calculator for pediatrics
  • haematoma block warfarin and alcohol
  • prothrombin complex concentrate for warfarin reversal drug
  • warfarin iv side effects
  • warfarin drug interactions barbiturates definition
  • warfarin interactions codeine
  • bad side effects of warfarin
  • warfarin drug interactions medscape ceu
  • phenprocoumon versus warfarin drug
  • warafin info
  • inr warfarin dose adjustment nomogram
  • narcan is the reversal drug for warfarin
  • precio polaramine 6 mg warfarin
  • important information to know when you are taking warfarin for life
  • gamma carboxylation warfarin dosing
  • iv vitamin k warfarin reversal with pcc
  • ximelagatran vs dabigatran vs warfarin
  • extrinsic pathway warfarin and vitamin
  • vkorc1 warfarin dose and color
  • warfarin reversal treatment
  • fennerty warfarin loading dose
  • drug interactions warfarin melatonin for toddlers
  • fenofibrate potentiates warfarin effects on clotting

warafin info

Differences in antibody recognition indicate that the cardiac NR2B polypeptide carries a structurally altered C terminus as compared with the NR2B variant prevalent in central nervous system. Co-localization of mQTLs and eQTLs lead to the identification of candidate regulatory genes involved in the biosynthesis of carotenoids, tocopherols and glucosinolates. Minimum 5-year Follow-up Results of Minimally Invasive Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Mini-Keel Modular Tibial Implant. Notably, neuronal activation in subregions of the basal ganglia associated with limbic function was more intense than in subregions associated with sensorimotor function. The same, however, has not been definitively established for angiotension converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs).

warafin info

Staining was also conspicuous within the forming cortical plate. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in western Sicily (Italy) and preliminary survey of phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae). Use of ex vivo binding to measure the brain concentrations of putative radioligands. All surgical procedures, including iDSA, were completed in the same hybrid operating room.

warafin info

We found that cells become more sensitive to cisplatin when isopropanol, an agent that lowers GPMV transition temperature, was combined with cisplatin. Obesity and ATD showed significant stability over 7 y in the Canadian population. The oversizing resulted in an elongated stent deployment with more open stent pores, while for the undersized case a shorter deployment with more condensed pores was present. The current study used Nupr1 haplodeficient mice to investigate whether a partial reduction in Nupr1 expression conferred beneficial effects on glucose homeostasis. In contrast to a study on wild songbirds at a mercury-contaminated site, we detected no relationship between mercury level and immunological response to PHA, regardless of mode of exposure.

tikosyn interaction warfarin

In-vitro sensitivity of 368 urinary organisms to trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole and other antibacterials. Treatment of acute subcutaneous Achilles tendon rupture remains challenging. In a reciprocal transplant, we found no evidence of habitat isolation or reduced hybrid survival (from seedling to adult stage) or reproduction. Steady-state analysis of activated sludge processes with a settler model including sludge compression. Although the biological significance of intravascular tumour in pleomorphic adenomas of minor salivary glands remains unknown, the occurrence of metastatic disease has not been demonstrated nor have aggressive behaviour or recurrences.

phenytoin drug interaction warfarin

The result was statistically analyzed by SPSS19.0 software package. The isolated loop is taken up to bile duct rather than pancreas as previously described. Some of the clones we identified represented tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) mRNA.

iv vitamin k warfarin reversal with pcc

Lateral bending configuration experienced the highest damage formation in both THA and RHA models. Foot infections are common in persons with diabetes and are often the proximate cause of lower extremity amputation.

tums and alcohol interaction with warfarin

This study was undertaken to assess the influence of methodological parameters on the results of the contrast transcranial Doppler examination in the detection of right-to-left shunts. The molecular mechanism of ROS overproduction in the prostate gland, however, remains mostly unknown. These subjects were tested with 7 substituted benzenes, plus PPDA. However, their respective species specificity has complicated investigations on their in vivo role. Identification of oprG, a gene encoding a major outer membrane protein of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

macrobid missed dose of warfarin

A review of the literature reveals over 140 cases of toxoplasmosis in AIDS victims, and there is sufficient clinical detail on 81 of these cases for in-depth evaluation. Amine-Functionalized Covalent Organic Framework for Efficient SO2 Capture with High Reversibility. Final body weights and serum leptin levels of male and female mice fed HFD for 13 or 26 weeks were significantly increased compared with corresponding STD-fed groups.

long term lmwh vs warfarin dosage

The present paper provides the principles of chemiluminescence (CL) and its powerful applications in analytical chemistry, mainly in the area of flow injection analysis, column liquid chromatographic and capillary electrophoretic separating systems, and its potential in immunoassays. An ancient evolutionary origin of genes associated with human genetic diseases. We therefore evaluated the comparative prevalence of neurovascular compression in two large and well defined patient groups with severe essential and secondary hypertension.

allopurinol drug interactions warfarin

The spacer device minimizes oropharyngeal deposition of metered dose inhaler (MDI) medication and helps ensure consistent delivery of the medications to the bronchial tree. These contrasting ionic dependencies suggest a mechanism by which NMDA receptor activation may, under distinct conditions, differentially regulate neuronal MAPKs and their divergent functions. How do we best teach clinical psychopharmacology to trainees and clinicians, so they not only increase their knowledge base, but even more importantly also learn to practice the most informed, evidence-based practice possible? Available data from experimental studies in animals exposed by injection and inhalation to fibers of defined size distributions are reviewed, alone with data from studies of fiber distributions in lungs of exposed humans in relation to the effects associated with the retained fibers. Characterization of inducible stx2-positive Escherichia coli O157:H7/H7- strains isolated from cattle in France.

gamma carboxylation warfarin dosing

In addition, L-glutamate production, L-cystine uptake, and GSH concentration were inhibited by OMA and DP, indicating a central role for iron-regulated aconitase activity in GSH synthesis in LECs and RPE cells. Utilizing this targeted approach to drug design, we demonstrate the antiviral effects of candidate compounds from the family of cyclodextrins. Treatment of patients with cisplatin-refractory testicular germ-cell cancer.

haematoma block warfarin and alcohol

Platelets and monocytes are the key thrombo-inflammatory cells that arrive first at sites of vascular injury. Multicentric epithelioidal hemangioendothelioma of bone: diagnostic imaging.

cost warfarin vs dabigatran anticoagulant

In order to examine the genotypic relatedness of these strains, we carried out a multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA). During such maneuvers, the reconstructed knee may be subjected to significantly lower rotational loads compared with the intact knee. Lung function abnormalities in infants developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

long term lmwh vs warfarin dosage

The number of ED visits in the City of Espoo, used as a control where no triage was applied, remained unchanged. To enhance medical student rural clinical training experiences, and assist in preparing students for living and working in rural communities. The mechanisms that regulate the pruning of mammalian axons are just now being elucidated. Our study had limited power and population base, but the results could be used to properly power follow-up studies to further investigate this topic.

warfarin drug insert package

Functional association of the beta 1 subunit with human cardiac (hH1) and rat skeletal muscle (mu 1) sodium channel alpha subunits expressed in Xenopus oocytes. In the last two decades, micro-computed tomography (microCT) has significantly augmented destructive methods for the 3D micro-analysis of tissue structure, primarily in the bone research field. Anesthetic considerations for emergency equine abdominal surgery.

spc warfarin dosing

Diabetic patients were stratified according to severity of exacerbation. Cross-reactivity of Rickettsia japonica and Rickettsia typhi demonstrated by immunofluorescence and Western immunoblotting. To determine the prevalence, incidence, and progression of myopia of Chinese children in Hong Kong.

improving time in therapeutic range warfarin drug

Findings bolster the idea that efforts to prevent or ameliorate craving are critical to treatment success for individuals with AUD and PTSD who are seeking to reduce or quit drinking. This study focuses on the possible interaction between FN and IgG present in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of periodontitis patients and periodontally healthy controls, with the aim to determine whether such interaction may be connected with the glycosylation profile of IgG and, thus, consequentional in accumulation of proinflammatory IgG in periodontal pockets. Identification of colony-stimulating factor activity in patients with malignant tumors associated with excessive leukocytosis. Clinical symptoms and diagnosis of encephalitozoonosis in pet rabbits. To evaluate the long-term results of the primary surgical treatment of patients with congenital auricular atresia (CAA).

ximelagatran vs dabigatran vs warfarin

The nested PCR test detected CyHV-3 DNA at a 10-fold lower concentration than a routinely used, 1-round test. We conducted a retrospective analysis of female breast asymmetry surgeries performed in the Clinic for Plastic Surgery and Burns, Military Medical Academy (MMA), Belgrade over the last seven years (January 2002 - January 2009). The management of chronic pain continues to be a challenge, and despite taking prescribed medication for pain, patients continue to have pain of moderate severity. The antithrombotic effect of the glycopreotein IIb/IIIa (GP IIb/IIIa) receptor antagonist Z4A5, exert alone or combination with heparin, and/or aspirin, was examined in a rabbit arteriovenous shunt thrombosis model. There may be neurobiological processes linking some patients across the clinical spectrum of the psychotic disorders.

vkorc1 warfarin dose and color

Meningiomas are common intracranial tumors in humans that frequently recur despite having a predominantly benign nature. This prospective cohort study investigated the financial records of ED patients and evaluated the effective errors in reducing the revenue in ED of Imam Hossein hospital, Tehran, Iran, from October 2007 to November 2009.

warfarin drug interactions medscape ceu

Maternal grandmother age is not a risk factor for sporadic mitochondrial DNA deletions, an important observation in a population where many women are delaying reproduction. Cloning of beta-herpesvirus genomes as bacterial artificial chromosomes. Data generated from controlled experiments using in vivo models and/or clinical specimens collected after environmental exposure monitoring are limited. The extracted cell proteome was subjected to tryptic digest, followed by generation of peptide profiles using MALDI-TOF MS.

iv vitamin k warfarin reversal with pcc

Then, an extract of Radix Glehniae was analyzed by the combination of two scan modes, i.e., multiple ion monitoring-information-dependent acquisition-enhanced product ion mode (MIM-IDA-EPI) and precursor scan information-dependent acquisition-enhanced product ion mode (PREC-IDA-EPI) on a hybrid triple quadrupole-linear ion trap mass spectrometer. This finding provides a first step toward dissection of molecular mechanisms involved in memory formation, in general, and the special function of nitric oxide synthase in particular. In contrast to the intraspecies hybrids, a full complementation of RDS was observed in interspecies hybrids between the rodent AT-like mutants and human (HeLa) cells, suggesting a species-specific regulation of DNA synthesis.

sinthrome vs warfarin mechanism

The incidence, onset, duration, and severity of the associated blood pressure elevation varies greatly depending on the therapeutic indication for cyclosporine use. In this situation, pentagastrin directly acts on a trophic mucosa and produces the important lowering of the gastric pH. There were no differences between the pain thresholds of patients with panic disorder and healthy control subjects. Recent discoveries of multiple Pi transporters have opened up opportunities to study the molecular basis of Pi acquisition by plants. Reconsideration of echocardiographic standards for mitral valve prolapse: lack of association between leaflet displacement isolated to the apical four chamber view and independent echocardiographic evidence of abnormality.

hytrin alcohol interaction with warfarin

Influence of lowland forests on subsurface salt accumulation in shallow groundwater areas. Partially purified Golgi membranes of HeLa cells were used as antigen to produce a novel monoclonal antibody (mAb G3A5). The transcriptome of Candida albicans mitochondria and the evolution of organellar transcription units in yeasts.

nurse initiated medications warfarin

The purpose of this chapter is to present the methodology that can be used to repair mutations responsible for myotonic dystrophy. Hence it is significant to study the epidemiology and changes of antibacterial susceptibility in order to reduce the incidence of MDRAb in children.

warfarin foods to avoid patient information

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is most likely a complex trait with an oligogenic basis. Optical linear algebra processors that involve solutions of linear algebraic equations have significant potential in adaptive and inference machines. Downregulation of c-Myc is critical for 2ME2-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in AML cells.

 Show Hide 
rivaroxaban vs warfarin pdf to word 2012-07-01

These IEGs, in turn, confer hormonal responsiveness to the four signature genes. In this study, we optimized immobilization of a facultative hydrogen producing microorganism, Enterobacter aerogenes, with the goal of developing biocatalysts that was appropriate for the continuous hydrogen production from glycerol. The molar pairs of 25 patients were reevaluated after 2 years using the same clinical techniques and were permanently restored after complete caries removal. Critical appraisal of reporting randomized clinical trials published in Iranian omeprazole iv dosis perros salchichas dental journals during 2003-2010. Toward the Quantum Chemical Calculation of NMR Chemical Shifts of Proteins.

hytrin alcohol interaction with warfarin 2019-05-10

Our data demonstrated the reduction in the tolerogenic potential of DCs from pregnant women prograf drug manufacturer mylan with HA, and revealed new mechanisms involved in the hormonal regulation of DCs mediated by DHEAS. We suppose that a part of the mucinous cystadenocarcinoma dedifferentiates and produces AFP. Until now, no suitable delivery fiber has existed for CO2 laser endodontic radiation in the apical region, where it is most difficult to eliminate the pulp tissue using conventional methods.

warfarin drug interactions with food 2017-03-11

How failures in regulation of synaptic transmission in the mammalian CNS affect neuronal activity and disturb motor coordination is addressed. Finally, extensive molecular docking studies performed in comparison on the PM-PLA(2) and PR-PLA(2) complexes provided critical insight on how the balance between non-covalent and covalent inhibitor-enzyme interactions may affect the final potency exhibited by the various compounds of the petrosaspongiolide family. Acupuncture is an important component part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Because of the differing charge distributions in the two kinds of finasteride nebenwirkungen erfahrungen vital maxx monomers, this provides a different kind of test of the usefulness of the EE-MB method than was provided by previous tests on pure water clusters.

tums and alcohol interaction with warfarin 2014-11-19

Their predictions were compared with pathologic staging results, retrospectively. The auditory vigilance task required subjects to discriminate between 200 ms and 300 ms tones depsonil tablets over a 35-minute period.

absorption rate constant of warfarin and alcohol 2018-10-24

Ganglioside GM2 is one of the major cell-surface gangliosides expressed in human tumors. The setup is implemented using a phantom model consisting of a set of carefully modeled holes to simulate the needle insertion pegintron missed dose of effexor task. Validation of two methods of long-term epidemiological follow-up. A lifelong scenario of a detrimental interaction between infectious agents and HERV-W genes may decipher the actual development and course of schizophrenia.

rifampin and warfarin drug interactions 2014-10-28

In its place is a fibrocartilage pad, located in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle. Finite-size effects and shock fluctuations in lovir acyclovir dosing the asymmetric simple-exclusion process. Delta-notch signaling in odontogenesis: correlation with cytodifferentiation and evidence for feedback regulation.

haematoma block warfarin diet 2013-07-18

Factors associated with severe deep neck space infections: targeting multiple fronts. Phonocardiographic study of fetal heartsound during labor and delivery Behavioral genetic methods were used to estimate genetic and environmental contributions to (a) attachment-related anxiety and avoidance and (b) the overlap between ceftin antibiotic for kidney infection these attachment dimensions and the Big Five personality traits. Colicinogenotypes and colicinotypes of 78 strains of Escherichia coli isolated from calves DBEs required significant time and did not always allow for a total enteroscopy.

warfarin drug interactions medscape ceu 2017-12-15

Identification of non-nucleoside DNA synthesis inhibitors of vaccinia virus by high-throughput screening. At all experimental conditions tested, it was possible to detect a significant increase in DNA damage induced by a radiation dose as lansazol 30 mg nedirtbikes low as 0.05 Gy.